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Monastic Training System of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism

2009年03月30日 14:54:00 佛教在线 点击:0

 

Ven. Pupchin

Dean of Haeinsa Sangha College

The goal of the pursuit of the Tripitaka (the three baskets of Vinaya, Sutra, and Abidharma) and application of the three trainings (ethics, meditation, and wisdom) is to accurately understand and apply the principles of Buddhism in actuality.  From this point, it is not an exaggeration to say that education and application are everything to the Buddhist practitioner’s life.  Here education refers to correctly understanding Buddhist concepts and application refers to actualization.  Because it is considered that only by properly understanding Buddhist concepts, can we approach the path of correct understanding and education, and that only by taking into account the actual situation can we practice the Paramitas and be innovative.  Accordingly, education and application are synonymous with understanding and actualization.

In order to embody these virtues, what are the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism’s completion requirements within the training and practice system?  Together with marrying monks and non-marrying monks, the Jogye Order was officially registered in 1962 with the Korean government’s Ministry of Culture and Public Information.  It became the sole order to officially inherit the 1600-year-old tradition of Korean Buddhism.  As such, we can understand that the Jogye Order’s practice and training system is the status of Korean Buddhism.  This text is an attempt to organize and concisely introduce Jogye Order’s monastic training and practice system, and the new direction for which the Jogye Order is working toward. 

Training System Summary

Jogye Order’s training system can be broadly classified as:  1)  Elementary Training,  2)  Basic Training,  3)  General Training (specialized training),  4)  Re-training.  First is the postulant (hangja) training for a minimum of six months.  Second is the four years of training for novices (shramanera/shramanerika or Sami/Samini) undertaken at temple Sangha colleges, Dongguk University’s College of Buddhism, Joong-Ang Sangha University, or elementary Seon(Zen) centers.  These first two trainings must be completed by all Jogye monastics without exception.  When the “elementary training” is completed, one can become a novice monastic (Sami/Samini).  When the “basic training” is completed, one can take the full monastic vows, and attains the qualification and rights of being a Jogye Order monastic.  Third is “general training” where a monastic can pursuit specialized training after receiving full monastic ordination.  Fourth is the “re-training” for monastics who have been ordained 5, 10, 20, and 25 years.  This is not obligatory, but it is the training process necessary to carry out certain responsibilities as set out by the order, and to hold positions in the order, as well as train disciples.  The following charts illustrates the training system.

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