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佛法双语工作坊 | 佛说四十二章经 序

2020年05月31日 20:33:00 天开寺 点击:0

 

The Sutra of Forty-two Chapters

佛说四十二章经  (序)

后汉 西域沙门迦摄摩腾 竺法兰 同译

Translated jointly by Indian Sramana Kasyapa Matanga and Dharmaraksa in the Later Han Dynasty

 

△ 朗读 | 释宏添  弘惠

引言

《佛说四十二章经》是在公元68年,东汉年间从印度传到中国的第一部重要佛教经典。这部经是在佛陀涅槃后由祂的弟子总结了佛陀一生所作的重要开示,综合佛一生所说的大小乘全部佛法。《佛说四十二章经》集结了佛陀关于持戒、忍辱、断欲、精进、观空等事的四十二段语录,反复强调了持戒的重要性,告诉佛教弟子应该如何修行。

 

Introduction

The Sutra of Forty-two Chapters was the first Buddhist sutra brought to China in 68 A.D from India during the Eastern Han Dynasty. It represents a collection of all the Buddha’s remarkable teachings as were delivered during his lifetime, and was compiled by the disciples after Buddha’s nirvana. The Sutra contains 42 quotations of Buddha’s teaching of both the Mahayana and the Hinayana, covering areas of discipline, patience, severance of desires, diligence and contemplation of emptiness. In the Sutra, the importance of discipline was emphasized repeatedly, thus providing useful guidance of practice for the Buddha’s disciples.

讲解 | 释宏添 北京天开寺

By Bhiksu Hong Tian, Tiankai Temple

 

昔汉孝明皇帝夜梦见神人,身体有金色,项有日光,飞在殿前,意中欣然,甚悦之。明日问群臣:「此为何神也?」

有通人傅毅曰:「臣闻天竺有得道者,号曰佛,轻举能飞,殆将其神也。」

于是上悟,即遣使者张骞、羽林中郎将秦景博士弟子王遵等十二人,至大月支国写取佛经四十二章。在第十四石函中登起立塔寺,于是道法流布,处处修立佛寺。远人伏化愿为臣妾者,不可称数,国内清宁,含识之类蒙恩受赖于今不绝也。

 

序二 Preface Two

世尊成道已。作是思惟。离欲寂静。是最为胜。

HAVING attained Buddhahood, the World-honored One thought thus: "To be free from the passions and to be calm, this is the most excellent Way."

 

住大禅定。降诸魔道。于鹿野苑中。转四谛法轮。度憍陈如等五人。而证道果。

He was absorbed in Great Meditation, subdued all evil ones, and in Deer Park caused to revolve the Wheel of Dharma, which was the Fourfold Truth, and converted the five Bhikshus, Kaudinya, etc., inducing them to attain Enlightenment.

 

复有比丘所说诸疑。求佛进止。

Again, there were other Bhikshus who implored the Buddha to remove their doubts which they had concerning his doctrine.

 

世尊教勅。一一开悟。合掌敬诺。而顺尊勅。

The World-honored One illumined all their minds through his authoritative teachings. The Bhikshus, joining their hands and reverentially bowing, followed his august instructions.

 

原典 | 中华大藏经《佛说四十二章经》(别本)(宋真宗注)

英文版经文转载自菩提字幕屋,英译者 D. T. Suzuki

English version sourced from Bodhi Fansubs, translated by D.T. Suzuki

 

主要词汇 Vocabulary 

1、sutra n. 梵语:佛经;契经

2、Buddhahood n. 佛果

3、meditation n. 禅定

4、Wheel of Dharma 佛法之轮

5、Kaudinya 梵名:憍陈如

6、Nirvana 涅槃

7、Mahayana 大乘;大乘佛法

8、Hinayana 小乘;小乘佛法

9、discipline n. 戒律

10、diligence n. 精进

11、disciple n. 信徒;门徒

 

讲解 | 释宏添

英文校对 | Cindy

汇编 | 德山

朗读 | 释宏添 弘惠

排版 | 惟勤

图片来自网络

 

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