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佛法双语工作坊 | 佛说四十二章经 第13章 問道宿命 (2)

2021年01月07日 20:11:00 北京天开寺 点击:0

The Sutra of Forty-two Chapters - 13 (2)
佛說四十二章經 第13章(2)
後漢 西域沙門迦葉摩騰 竺法蘭 同譯
Translated jointly by Indian Sramana Kasyapa Matanga and Dharmaraksa in the Later Han Dynasty

法师讲解  第42秒开始   单词 第3分钟36秒开始

第13章 問道宿命
Queries on Gaining the Wisdom of Past Lives

沙門問佛。以何因緣得知宿命。會其至道。
A monk asked the Buddha: "Under what conditions is it possible to come to the knowledge of the past and to understand the most supreme Way?"

佛言。淨心守志。可會至道。
The Buddha said: "Those who are pure in heart and single in purpose are able to understand the most supreme Way.

譬如磨鏡。垢去明存。斷欲無求。當得宿命
It is like polishing a mirror, which becomes bright when the dust is removed. 
Remove your passions, and have no hankering, and the past will be revealed unto you."

英文版经文转载自 菩提字幕屋,英译者 D.T. Suzuki
English  version sourced from Bodhi Fansubs, translated by D.T. Suzuki                          


法师讲解:問道宿命(2)
Commentary: Queries on gaining the wisdom of past lives (2)

In the six realms of existence, supernatural power is really nothing uncommon. Basically the Buddha had disallowed his disciples to demonstrate supernatural power because the pursuit of it will only nourish people’s desires of greed, hatred and ignorance, which are against the spirit of Buddhism. When our mind becomes pure, supernatural power will manifest naturally, so any purposeful pursuit of it is unnecessary indeed. Apart from the wisdom of complete extinction of afflictions, all other supernatural powers are of no help in liberation. 
在六道中,神通并不是什么稀有的东西,佛陀基本上是禁止弟子示现神通的,因为追求神通只会助长人们的贪嗔痴,这是与佛法精神相违背的。当我们的心境清净,神通就自然会显现出来,实在无须特意追求,况且除了漏尽通外,其他神通根本不能让我们解脱。

In addition, supernatural power is no match for karma. Venerable Master Moggallana, rated number one in supernatural power, is a well known example in this respect. During the lifetime of Sakyamuni Buddha, the troops of Kosala wanted to attack the Sakya clan of Kapilavastu. Moggallana tried to save the people of the Sakya clan with supernatural power by hiding them in his alms bowl and raising them to the sky. After the battle Moggallana fetched the alms bowl only to discover that the Sakya people had been turned into bloody water; supernatural power had failed to save them. As for the cause of such karma, once in a past life there was a pond in a certain village. One day the villagers caught all the fishes in the pond and ate them. In this life, the fishes became the soldiers of Kosala whereas the villagers became the Sakya clan to redeem the debts of karma. It follows that supernatural power cannot violate the laws of karma. 
另外,神通力是不敌因果业力的,神通第一的目犍连尊者就是个很著名的例子。释迦牟尼佛在世时,憍萨罗国的军队要攻打迦毗罗卫国的释迦族,目犍连为解救释迦族人用神通把他们收于钵中并升到天上,战乱过后目犍连把钵取回,但见释迦族人已经化为血水了,神通并没法解救他们。原因是在过去生有一条村落, 当中有一个池塘,有一天村民把池塘里的鱼全部捞出吃掉。到这一生,那些鱼转生为琉璃国的军人,而那些村民却转生为释迦族人偿还业债, 可见神通是不能违背因果定律的。

Moreover, some diligent heretics might also be able to demonstrate supernatural power. If they were to use supernatural power to relieve people as well, in which case people would not be able to distinguish between the truthful way and the heretical way. The use of supernatural power would only arouse people’s desires that such power could fulfil, and thus would become an obstacle against cultivation. Even if it was used, it would just serve as an expedient measure because ultimately Buddhism is meant to use wisdom to relieve people. In order to draw a distinction between Buddhists and heretics, the Buddha disallowed his disciples to demonstrate supernatural power except for compassion reasons on very limited occasions.
再者,一些有修行的外道也可以有神通,如果大家都利用神通度化他人的话,那人们就无法区分正道与外道了,而且这样只会勾起神通所能满足的贪欲,神通反而会成为修行的障碍。就算用的话,也只能是权宜之计,最终必须以佛法的智慧来度人。所以为了与外道划清界限,除了极少数出于慈悲心的例子外,佛陀一般是不允许弟子们示现神通。

讲解 | 释宏添   北京天开寺
By Bhiksu Hong Tian,  Tiankai Temple
 
 

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