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佛法双语工作坊 | 佛说四十二章经 第15章 請問力明

2021年02月02日 10:50:00 北京天开寺 点击:0

The Sutra of Forty-two Chapters - 15
佛說四十二章經 第15章
後漢 西域沙門迦葉摩騰 竺法蘭 同譯
Translated jointly by Indian Sramana Kasyapa Matanga and Dharmaraksa in the Later Han Dynasty
法师讲解  第1分钟开始   单词 第3分钟11秒开始

第15章 請問力明
Queries on Strength and Wisdom

沙門問佛。何者多力。何者最明。
A monk asked the Buddha: "What is most powerful, and what is most illuminating?"

佛言。忍辱多力。不懷惡故。兼加安健。

The Buddha said: "Meekness is most powerful, for it harbors no evil thoughts, and, moreover, it is restful and full of strength.

忍者無惡。必為人尊。

As it is free from evils, it is sure to be honored by all.

心垢滅盡。淨無瑕穢。是為最明。

"The most illuminating is a mind which is thoroughly cleansed of dirt, and which, remaining pure, retains no blemishes.

未有天地。逮於今日。十方所有。無有不見。無有不知。無有不聞。得一切智。可謂明矣。
From the time when there was yet no-heaven and earth till the present day, there is nothing in the ten quarters which is not seen, or known, or heard by such a mind, for it has gained all-knowledge, and for that reason it is called 'illuminating."

英文版经文转载自 菩提字幕屋,英译者 D.T. Suzuki
English  version sourced from Bodhi Fansubs, translated by D.T. Suzuki



法师讲解:请问力明
Commentary:Queries on strength and wisdom


Meekness, or patience means abiding in a state of stillness. It is literally an ability of composure. Buddhist sutra said monastics rely on patience as the source of strength. Such patience encompasses avoidance of desire under favourable circumstances and avoidance of abomination under adversity. For example, when followers provide you with fine offerings, it is the power of patience that bars you from being covetous. Also when you are being humiliated by others, it is the power of patience that dispels your hatred. In addition, hot and cold weather, thirst, and hunger are all within the scope of patience. After all, the most prestigious form of patience is the ability to abide our mind in the truth which is neither arising nor ceasing, and this is called the patience with the non-production of dharmas. It follows that the power of patience is so strong that it can convert others, and a person who can demonstrate patience has the virtue of magnanimity.
忍辱就是安住不动,就是定力。佛经中说出家人以忍辱为力,这个忍包含了对顺境不贪,对逆境不瞋,例如当信众给你很好的供养时能不贪是一种忍力,而当众生对你骂辱时不起瞋念是一种忍力。又如对环境寒热,饥渴等的忍耐都属于忍的范畴。而最殊胜的忍是把心时刻安住在不生不灭的真理上,名无生法忍。故忍的力量非常大,因为它能够感化别人,而能忍辱的人,容人之量也很大。

According to the Diamond Sutra, in the past King Kalinga once misunderstood that a Ksantyrsi had affairs with his women. As a consequence he mutilated the Ksantyrsi’s body, in the course of which, however, the Ksantyrsi developed no anger. Because of such power of patience, Ksantyrsi’ mutilated body restored to the original state, and he vowed that upon attainment of Buddhahood, he would deliver King Kalinga from sufferings first. Note that the Ksantyrsi later became Buddha Sakyamuni, and King Kalinga later became Kaundinya, who was one of the first disciples being relieved by Buddha Sakyamumi after attaining Buddhahood.
按《金刚经》,昔日歌利王因为误会忍辱仙人诱惑他的妃子,把忍辱仙人的身体割截,但忍辱仙人当时并没有生嗔恨心,因为这种忍辱的力量令他身体恢复原状,他并更发愿以后成佛必定先度化歌利王。昔日的忍辱仙人就是之后的释迦牟尼佛,而歌利王即是释尊成佛后最先度化的弟子憍陈如。

讲解 | 释宏添   北京天开寺
By Bhiksu Hong Tian,  Tiankai Temple



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