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佛法双语工作坊 | 佛说四十二章经 第17章 明來暗謝

2021年02月22日 20:20:00 北京天开寺 点击:0

The Sutra of Forty-two Chapters - 17
佛說四十二章經 第17章
後漢 西域沙門迦攝摩騰 竺法蘭 同譯
Translated jointly by Indian Sramana Kasyapa Matanga and Dharmaraksa in the Later Han Dynasty


法师讲解  00:29 开始   单词 03:26 开始

第17章 明來暗謝
Brightness Illuminating Darkness


佛言。夫見道者。譬如持炬入冥室中。其冥即滅。而明獨存。
The Buddha said: "Seeing the Way is like going into a dark room with a torch; the darkness instantly departs, while the light alone remains.

學道見諦。無明即滅。而明常存矣。
When the Way is attained and the truth is seen, ignorance vanishes and enlightenment abides forever."


英文版经文转载自 菩提字幕屋,英译者 D.T. Suzuki
English  version sourced from Bodhi Fansubs, translated by D.T. Suzuki



法师讲解:明来暗谢
Commentary: Brightness illuminating darkness


The Buddhas’ unsurpassed wisdom is actually possessed by everyone as innate potentials except that they are hidden by ignorance, and this makes Buddhism prestigious in that we are capable of attaining the same status as the Buddhas’. Now let’s learn about the Buddhas’ four types of wisdom, namely the Mirror-like Wisdom, the Wisdom of Equality, the Wisdom of Profound Insight, and the Wisdom of Unrestricted Activities.
其实佛陀的无上智慧是我们每个人与生俱来都有的,只是它被无名所蒙蔽而已,佛教殊胜之处是我们可以修证到佛陀一样的境界。以下我们了解一下佛陀的四智:大圆镜智、平等性智、妙观察智及成所作智。

The mirror-like wisdom is the origin of all other wisdom. It is undefiled, non-discriminating, and it can reflect thoroughly the true nature of all matters in the universe, seeing through in silence various phenomena in the universe as being illusory, and unreal. Besides, it can reveal the good and evil karma of all sentient beings. Therefore it is like a mirror which reflects exactly the reality, i.e., it will not make a person look better or worse.  
大圆镜智是所有智慧的根源,它清净无垢,无有分别,能如实地洞悉宇宙万事万物的真实相,照见宇宙中的森罗万象都是虚幻不实,过不留痕,并能显现一切众生的善恶业报。这更好比镜子只会反映实貌,它不会把好人照得漂亮一些,或把坏人照得丑陋一些。

Second, it is the wisdom of equality. With it one can understand that we are all equal, and one can also realize that all beings, you and I, as well as everything in the nature only exist temporarily rather than eternally as the result of the combination of causes and conditions. Because of the wisdom of equality, one’s Bodhi mind will arise to relieve others like relieving oneself.     
第二是平等性智,依它可以了知自他平等,了知众生你我乃至山河大地都是因缘和合而生,并非恒存的。由于这种自他平等的智慧而对所有众生生起菩提心,就像帮助自己一样地救拔他们。

Mirror-like wisdom can reveal the true nature of all phenomena and the wisdom of equality can initiate one’s Bodhi mind. The next thing is planning how to relieve sentient beings, which will need the wisdom of profound insight. Such wisdom can clearly see the potential, wisdom level, affinity, and undesirable habitual tendency of every sentient being. Apart from making observations of sentient beings, the wisdom can also evaluate the differences among methods of dharma practicing and their applicability, so appropriate dharma can be taught to certain sentient beings to make them determined in faith and liberated eventually.  
大圆镜智可以了解万事万物的真理,平等性智可以让人发起菩提心,再下来就是计划如何度化众生,这就需要运用妙观察智。这种智慧可以清楚地观察出各个众生的根器、智慧、喜好、习气等等。除了能观察众生,它也能观察各种法门的差别以及适应性,从而为某众生对机说法,令他得不退转,最终解脱。

Finally, it will take the wisdom of unrestricted activities to execute the plan of liberation. Such wisdom can enable all kinds of transformations and supernatural changes so that expedient means can be deployed to direct sentient beings to the Great Way, thus fulfilling the Buddhas’ fundamental vows. For example, when some people see auspicious signs such as the holy light of the Buddha, their faith in Buddhism will arise. Also, the Buddhas can have trillions of transformation bodies to relieve trillions of people. So all these are related to the wisdom of unrestricted activities.     
最后就是实现度化众生的计划,那要靠成所作智。它能作种种变化、神变等,为众生提供方便,令他们契入正道,成就佛的本愿。例如有些人看见佛光之类的瑞相,就对佛法生起信心。又如佛可以有千百万亿化身,去度化千百万亿人,这都是与成所作智有关。

讲解 | 释宏添   北京天开寺
By Bhiksu Hong Tian,  Tiankai Temple



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