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佛法双语工作坊 | 佛说四十二章经 第23章(2)妻子甚獄

2021年04月06日 16:03:00 北京天开寺 点击:0

The Sutra of Forty-two Chapters - 23 (2)
佛說四十二章經 第23章(2)

後漢 西域沙門迦葉摩騰 竺法蘭 同譯
Translated jointly by Indian Sramana Kasyapa Matanga and Dharmaraksa in the Later Han Dynasty


法师讲解  00:46 开始   单词 03:13 开始

第23章 妻子甚獄
Family Tie More Confining Than Prison


佛言。人繫(xì)於妻子舍宅。甚於牢獄。
The Buddha said: "Men are tied up to their families and possessions more helplessly than in a prison.

牢獄有散釋之期。妻子無遠離之念。
There is an occasion for the prisoner to be released, but householders entertain no desire to be relieved from the ties of family.

情愛於色。豈憚驅馳。

When a man's passion is aroused nothing prevents him from ruining himself.

雖有虎口之患。心存甘伏。

Even into the maws of a tiger will he jump.

投泥自溺。故曰凡夫。

Those who are thus drowned in the filth of passion are called the ignorant.

透得此門。出塵羅漢。

Those who are able to overcome it are saintly Arhats."


英文版经文转载自 菩提字幕屋,英译者 D.T. Suzuki
English  version sourced from Bodhi Fansubs, translated by D.T. Suzuki



法师讲解:23 妻子甚狱 (2)
Commentary: Family tie more confining than prison (2)


There is such a case in the Buddhist scripture: During the time of Buddha Vipasyin, there was an elder’s son who wanted to become a monk and cultivate under Buddha’s guidance so that he would likely attain arhatship. However his parents disapproved of his request, and also forced him to get married. After marriage he reconsidered his wish to become a monk, so he talked to his parents again. This time his parents required that he have a child first before leaving home. Later he had a son as he wished. When his child reached 6 years old, he was prepared to leave home for cultivation. However, the parents abetted the child to hug his father’s legs and beg by weeping and wailing. As a result, this elder’s son completely gave up his monastic plan. Because of the emotional attachment between parents and children, this elder’s son missed the Dharma, and thereafter he was trapped in samsara for 91 kalpas before becoming an arhat. From this we can understand how emotional attachment can trap a person into cyclic rebirth.

佛经有一个公案:毗婆尸佛的时代,一位长者子欲随佛陀出家修行,有望证得阿罗汉果。但他父母並不同意,更强迫他结婚。婚后他又生起出家的打算,于是就再次请求父母。这次他的父母要求他生个儿子后才允许他出家。后来他如愿生下一个儿子,当儿子六岁时他准备离家修道,这时他父母便教唆他的小孩抱着他父亲的腿,哭哭啼啼,结果这位长者子从此就再没有出家的想法了。因为父母跟孩子的情执,长者子错过了佛法,并生死轮回九十一劫后, 才证得阿罗汉果。由此可见,情执是如何把人束缚令堕生死轮回。

Apart from this, when a person dies, three forces will determine his destiny of rebirth:
除此之外, 佛法讲人命终时有三种力量牵引我们轮回受生:

1.  Severe karma: severe karma will come to fruition sooner than the mild one.

1、随重:重的业力会先成熟受报。

2.  Habits: We will be dragged to the same environment as what we have established in our habit. For example, a horse fanatic may be reborn as a horse because his mind is full of horses at any time. 
2、随习:随日常的习气,生到同类相引的环境中,例如爱马之人会生为它们同类因为他天天都想着马。

3. Last thoughts: We will follow our very last thoughts to our next life. If our last thoughts before death are virtuous, we will be reborn in a wholesome path whereas evil thoughts will lead us to an evil path. For example, if we chant the name of Amitabha Buddha, we will go to the Western Pureland. But if our very last thoughts are related to emotional attachment, we will not be able to escape from cyclic rebirth.
3、随念:随临终时的念头而往生,如果最后的念头是善念,即生善处,恶念即生恶道,例如念阿弥陀佛即往生极乐世界等。若最后一念是情执的话,那就无法逃离轮回了。

讲解 | 释宏添   北京天开寺
By Bhiksu Hong Tian,  Tiankai Temple
 

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