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佛法双语工作坊 | 佛说四十二章经 第29章

2021年05月26日 09:00:00 北京天开寺 点击:0
The Sutra of Forty-two Chapters - 29
佛說四十二章經 第29章
後漢 西域沙門迦葉摩騰 竺法蘭 同譯
Translated jointly by Indian Sramana Kasyapa Matanga and Dharmaraksa in the Later Han Dynasty


法师讲解  01:00 开始   单词 03:35 开始

第29章 正观敌色
Conquering Lust with the Right Views

佛言。慎勿视女色。亦莫共言语。
The Buddha said: "O monks, you should not see women. [If you should have to see them], refrain from talking to them.

若与语者。正心思念。我为沙门。处于浊世。当如莲华。不为泥污。
If you should have to talk,  you should reflect in a right spirit: 'I am now a homeless mendicant. In the world of sin, I must behave myself like unto the lotus flower whose purity is not defiled by the mud.

想其老者如母。长者如姊。少者如妹。稚者如子。
Old ones I will treat as my mother; elderly ones as elder sisters; younger ones as younger sisters; and little ones as daughters.

生度脱心。息灭恶念。
And in all this you should harbor no evil thoughts, but think of salvation."

英文版经文转载自 菩提字幕屋,英译者 D.T. Suzuki
English  version sourced from Bodhi Fansubs, translated by D.T. Suzuki



法师讲解:29 正观敌色
Commentary: Conquering lust with the right views


In the disciplines that the Buddha had set out, there are very fine guidelines to Bhiksus governing the interactions with women. Such guidelines cover issues of bodily contact, conversation, and the locality for company, etc. For example, basically bodily contact should be avoided, so a handshake or slapping on the shoulder is not appropriate. Instead we can put our palms together. Sometimes when a Bhiksu wants to pass something to a woman, he will put it down first, and then the other picks it up so that the two sides will have no direct physical contact. As another example, a Bhiksu and a woman should avoid staying together alone in a partitioned space. Instead, it had better take place in an open area. When a Bhiksu has a conversation with a woman, the presence of a man or a third person can avoid unnecessary sarcasms. As for group photo taking, it had better be taken with a third person in it to avoid any excessive interpretation.   
在佛制的戒律中,关于与女众的交往,佛陀对比丘作出很清晰的指引。这些包括与女众身体的触碰、交谈、相处的环境等等。例如身体的触碰是应当避免的,所以握手或是拍肩这样的触碰是不合适的,大家合掌就可以了。有时候比丘给女众东西时会先把物件放下,然后对方再拿起来,双方就不会有直接的接触了。又例如双方应避免在屏蔽处单独共处,但应选择在开阳的地方。比丘与女众交谈时有男众或一位第三者在场可以避免不必要的讥嫌。另外合影的话最好有第三者一起,以免照片被过分解读。

On the one hand, monastics need be proficient in the discipline; on the other hand lay Buddhists need to be familiar with the relevant Buddhist etiquette. In our daily life, at times things like these may happen: Some young girls may demand a hug of consolation from the Bhiksu master when they are in deep sorrow. Sometimes they like to stay very close to the master and whisper in his ear, or they may hold on the master’s arm for photo taking, etc. These are all acts of over affection. Some female lay Buddhists will sometimes visit the master in his bedroom. After all, bedroom is a personal and partitioned space. Similarly, when male lay Buddhists interact with female monastics, they should observe the etiquette even more carefully. During the Buddha’s time, the Buddha made these rules basically because of others’ sarcasms against monastics’ misbehavior. Therefore we have to be especially cautious about interactions between men and women.
一方面出家人需要熟习戒律,另一方面在家人也需要了解相关的佛门礼仪。在日常生活中,时不时会发生这样的事儿:有些女生可能在伤心的情况下想与比丘师父拥抱, 希望得到安慰。她们有时候爱跟师父讲耳边话,靠得师父很近, 或是拉着师父手臂合影等,这些都是过分的热情。一些女信众或会进入比丘师父的房间找师父,但房间始终是一个很私人的遮蔽空间。同样,当男众与女出家人相处更应遵守这些礼仪。佛陀在世时,都是因为别人讥嫌出家人的行为而制戒,所以一些男女之间的互动要特别小心。

讲解 | 释宏添   北京天开寺
By Bhiksu Hong Tian,  Tiankai Temple



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